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Factors affecting pregnancy rates after ovum pick up-derived embryo transfer in lactating Holstein recipients under tropical conditions

Tassia Louregiani Carvalho Pinto, Marina Bottrel Reis Nogueira, José Nelio de Sousa Sales, Rafaela Rodrigues de Carvalho, Robert Andrew Cushman, José Camisão de Souza
Ciência e agrotecnologia 2015 v.39 no.5 pp. 498-505
Holstein, acetates, blood, body condition, cows, dairy farming, embryo transfer, heat, lactation, milk production, ova, physiological state, pregnancy diagnosis, pregnancy outcome, pregnancy rate, tropics, ultrasonics, Brazil
High milk production, heat, physiological status and management impair reproduction in Holstein cows. The use of in vivo-produced embryos has been reported as an alternative to enhance pregnancy outcome in the tropics; however there are several limitations for its production, especially from variations in superovulatory responses. The in vitro production of embryos would avoid such variations, but few studies have been reported. This study aims to verify the effects of variables related to recipients under a program of routine in vitro embryo transfer on a commercial dairy farm in southeastern Brazil. It was hypothesized that pregnancy rates after transfer of ovum pick up or OPU-derived embryos (ET) to lactating Holstein recipients may be influenced by recipient GnRH-treatment at ET, parity, milk production and body condition score. Recipients (267) were allocated to one of three i.m. treatments given at ET: Control (92) – 2.5 ml saline; Buserelin (86) – 10 µg of Buserelin acetate; Deslorelin (89) – 750 µg of Deslorelin acetate. Ultrasound images and blood samples were taken at ET and seven days later. The first pregnancy diagnosis was performed between 30-40 days and the second between 60-80 days post ET. Data were analyzed by GENMOD (SAS®). The proportion of pregnant cows was greater (P<0.05) in Buserelin-treated recipients (38.3%) at the first pregnancy diagnosis than Controls (24.1%), but similar to Deslorelin and control cows at the second diagnosis (13.0, 20.9 and 14.6% in Control, Buserelin and Deslorelin, respectively). In conclusion, Buserelin improved pregnancy rate only transitorily, under the present conditions.