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Potential of guava leaves for mitigating methane emissions and modulating ruminal fermentation characteristics and nutrient degradability
- Al-Sagheer, Adham A., Elwakeel, Eman A., Ahmed, Mariam G., Sallam, Sobhy M. A.
- Environmental science and pollution research international 2018 v.25 no.31 pp. 31450-31458
- Psidium guajava, Trifolium alexandrinum, ammonium nitrogen, animals, diet, forage, greenhouse gas emissions, guavas, hay, leaves, methane, methane production, organic matter, pH, roughage, rumen fermentation, volatile fatty acids
- Guava leaves (Psidium guajava, GL), a high-phenolic- and flavonoid-containing plant resource capable of substituting the high-quality forage, may help in mitigating ruminal methane (CH₄) emission without adverse impact on nutrient degradability if supplemented at an appropriate level. In order to test this hypothesis, rumen fermentation, CH₄ production, and nutrient degradability of GL either solely or as a substitute of berseem hay (Trifolium alexandrinum, BH) were evaluated in a diet containing 50:50 concentrate to roughage. Five different levels of GL (0, 12.5, 25, 37.5, and 50%) were tested in vitro after 24 h incubation using a semi-automated gas production (GP) system. The current findings indicated that merely the presence of GL resulted in significantly lower values for cumulative GP (P < 0.001), CH₄ emission (P < 0.05), truly degraded dry matter (TDDM; P < 0.001), truly degraded organic matter (TDOM; P < 0.001), and ammonia nitrogen (NH₃-N) concentration (P < 0.001); however, pH (P < 0.001) and partitioning factor (P < 0.001) were higher. The total and individual volatile fatty acid (VFA) concentrations were drastically declined with GL as compared to BH (P < 0.05). A negative linear correlation was recorded between the levels of GL and GP including CH₄ production (P < 0.05). The addition of GL up to 25% did not pose any negative effect on both TDDM and TDOM values along with NH₃-N concentration. In addition, the inclusion of GL up to 25% did not affect the total or individual VFA concentration. Conclusively, in a medium concentrate diet, use of 25% GL and 25% BH in animal diet could be a promising alternative for mitigating the CH₄ production without any deleterious effect on nutrient degradability.