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The role of renewable and non-renewable energy consumption in CO2 emissions: a disaggregate analysis of Pakistan
- Zaidi, Syed Anees Haider, Danish,, Hou, Fujun, Mirza, Faisal Mehmood
- Environmental science and pollution research international 2018 v.25 no.31 pp. 31616-31629
- carbon dioxide, clean energy, coal, economic development, energy, greenhouse gas emissions, greenhouse gases, issues and policy, models, natural gas, pollution, renewable energy sources, Pakistan
- The energy sector has become the largest contributor to greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Among these GHG emissions, most threatening is CO₂ emission which comes from the consumption of fossil fuels. This empirical work analyzes the roles of renewable energy consumption and non-renewable energy consumption in CO₂ emissions in Pakistan. The empirical evidence is based on an auto-regressive distributive lag (ARDL) model of data from 1970 to 2016. The disaggregate analysis reveals that renewable energy consumption has an insignificant impact on CO₂ emission in Pakistan and that, in the non-renewable energy model, natural gas and coal are the main contributors to the level of pollution in Pakistan. Economic growth positively contributes to CO₂ emission in the renewable energy model but not in the non-renewable energy model. Policies that emphasize the contribution of renewable energy to economic growth and that add more clean energy into the energy mix are suggested.