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The role of renewable and non-renewable energy consumption in CO2 emissions: a disaggregate analysis of Pakistan

Zaidi, Syed Anees Haider, Danish,, Hou, Fujun, Mirza, Faisal Mehmood
Environmental science and pollution research international 2018 v.25 no.31 pp. 31616-31629
carbon dioxide, clean energy, coal, economic development, energy, greenhouse gas emissions, greenhouse gases, issues and policy, models, natural gas, pollution, renewable energy sources, Pakistan
The energy sector has become the largest contributor to greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Among these GHG emissions, most threatening is CO₂ emission which comes from the consumption of fossil fuels. This empirical work analyzes the roles of renewable energy consumption and non-renewable energy consumption in CO₂ emissions in Pakistan. The empirical evidence is based on an auto-regressive distributive lag (ARDL) model of data from 1970 to 2016. The disaggregate analysis reveals that renewable energy consumption has an insignificant impact on CO₂ emission in Pakistan and that, in the non-renewable energy model, natural gas and coal are the main contributors to the level of pollution in Pakistan. Economic growth positively contributes to CO₂ emission in the renewable energy model but not in the non-renewable energy model. Policies that emphasize the contribution of renewable energy to economic growth and that add more clean energy into the energy mix are suggested.