Main content area

Depleting the carboxy-terminus of human Wnt5a attenuates collagen-induced arthritis in DBA/1 mice

Cao, Wei, Niu, Menglin, Tong, Yulong, Du, Yuxuan, Lou, Weiwei, Mao, Yiyang, Dou, Yunpeng, Yuan, Huihui, Zhao, Wenming
Biochemical and biophysical research communications 2018 v.504 no.4 pp. 679-685
Western blotting, blood serum, bone resorption, collagen, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, flow cytometry, histopathology, humans, immunization, immunogenicity, inflammation, interleukin-1beta, mice, micro-computed tomography, mitogen-activated protein kinase, models, osteoclasts, rheumatoid arthritis, staining
Wnt5a signalling plays pathological roles in synovial inflammation and bone destruction. In the present study, we designed four human Wnt5a-based DNA recombinants and detected their effects on immunogenicity and anti-rheumatism in a collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) model. Histomorphometry and micro-CT scanning showed that the phWnt5a-NL was superior to other recombinants because it resulted in decreased severity of arthritis, histopathological scores of synovial inflammation and bone erosion in CIA mice. In addition, ELISA and TRAP staining showed that the phWnt5a-NL-immunized CIA mice had reductions in the serum concentrations of the rheumatoid-associated cytokines IL-1β and RANKL and in osteoclastogenesis. Furthermore, flow cytometry showed that the phWnt5a-NL treatment increased the percentage of Treg cells. Finally, western blotting analysis showed that the phWnt5a-NL-immunization interrupted β-catenin and JNK expression in osteoclast precursors derived from the CIA mice. The results suggest that depleting the carboxy-terminus in hWnt5a-based DNA recombinants may be beneficial for the treatment of chronic inflammatory disorders involving bone resorption.