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Assessment of the subcutaneous degradation process of insoluble hyaluronic acid in rats

Uemura, Akiko, Takiguchi, Masahito, Funakoshi, Kengo, Noishiki, Yasuharu, Ogawa, Shingo, Tanaka, Ryou
Biochemical and biophysical research communications 2018 v.505 no.2 pp. 511-515
adhesion, females, hyaluronic acid, rats
Insoluble hyaluronic acid (IHA) may prevent adhesions by forming a physical barrier during the period when postoperative adhesions form. This study was performed to verify the changes that a solid IHA membrane undergoes as it is degraded in vivo, and to ascertain the swelling rate of IHA required for it to function as a physical barrier during the postoperative adhesion formation period. Nine female WI rats weighing 300–400 g were used. Discs 8 mm in diameter were cut out of dry IHA membranes made of IHA with a swelling rate (wet weight/dry weight) of either 2.47 (high-swelling IHA) or 1.94 (low-swelling IHA). They were placed in saline to swell and then washed with saline before subcutaneous implantation in four pockets in each rat. The high-swelling IHA started to degrade more rapidly than the low-swelling IHA. There was no evidence of degradation of the low-swelling IHA until day 7, but once it had started, the speed of degradation tended to be similar to that of the high-swelling IHA. The present results showed that, when IHA is implanted subcutaneously in rats, it is degraded over time in a phased process. The swelling rate required for the use of IHA as a postoperative adhesion barrier was also suggested.