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Intrathecal circHIPK3 shRNA alleviates neuropathic pain in diabetic rats

Wang, Liang, Luo, Tianyou, Bao, Zhihua, Li, Yuan, Bu, WenJin
Biochemical and biophysical research communications 2018 v.505 no.3 pp. 644-650
animal disease models, blood serum, diabetic complications, etiology, microRNA, neoplasm cells, neoplasms, noninsulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, oncogenes, pain, patients, quality of life, rats
Neuropathic pain is one of the most common diabetic complications and significantly decrease the quality of life. The aetiology of the painful diabetic neuropathic pain is not fully clear. Circular RNAs (circRNAs) have been identified as miRNA sponges and involved in various biological processes, including pain. CircHIPK3 is a circRNA that have been shown to be an oncogene or tumor suppressor to regulate cancer cells growth by sponging multiple miRNAs. However, the role of circHIPK3 in diabetic neuropathic pain remains unknown. The aim of the present study was to elucidate the possible role of circHIPK3 in the control of diabetic neuropathic pain. We found that circHIPK3 are highly abundant in serum from diabetes patients who suffered from neuropathic pain and in dorsal root ganglion from STZ-induced diabetes rats. Upregulation of circHIPK3 was positively associated with grade neuropathic pain in patients with type 2 diabetes. Silencing circHIPK3 alleviated neuropathic pain in diabetic rats, which was involved in neuroinflammation. Further mechanistic investigation demonstrated that circHIPK3 interacted with miR-124 and negatively regulated its expression. MiR-124 inhibitor can reverse circHIPK3 knockdown-mediated alleviation of neuropathic pain and inhibition of neuroinflammation in diabetic rats. We present the first evidence that intrathecal circHIPK3 shRNA treatment can be used to treat neuropathic pain of diabetic rats.