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Production and stability of probiotic cocoa juice with sucralose as sugar substitute during refrigerated storage
- Santos Filho, Antonio Luiz dos, Freitas, Hildeane Veloso, Rodrigues, Sueli, Abreu, Virgínia Kelly Gonçalves, Lemos, Tatiana de Oliveira, Gomes, Wesley Faria, Narain, Narendra, Pereira, Ana Lúcia Fernandes
- Lebensmittel-Wissenschaft + [i.e. und] Technologie 2019 v.99 pp. 371-378
- 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl, Lactobacillus casei, antioxidant activity, citric acid, cold storage, fermentation, functional foods, glucose, juices, lactic acid, pH, probiotics, pulp, shelf life, sucralose, sucrose, viability
- This study aimed to evaluate the cocoa juice, obtained from the pulp, as a vehicle for the probiotic microorganism. The effect of sucralose as a sugar substitute during refrigerated storage for 42 days was also evaluated. The viability of Lactobacillus casei, sugars, lactic acid, pH, phenolic compounds and antioxidant activity were performed. The optimum conditions for probiotic juice production were initial pH 6.2, 33 °C and 12 h of fermentation. During the fermentation, glucose was the carbohydrate consumed. The ascorbic (44.26 ± 0.05 to 43.90 ± 0.02 mg/L) and citric acid (2.77 ± 0.02 to 2.96 ± 0.01 g/L) were maintained. The phenolic compounds (40.00 ± 0.02 to 49.63 ± 0.04 mg/100 mL) and the antioxidant activity, the latter measured by ABTS (0.08 ± 0.00 to 0.18 ± 0.11 μM/mL) and DPPH (1.07 ± 0.00 to 1.15 ± 0.02 μM/mL) methods, increased. During storage, the viability of the juice sweetened with sucrose increased to 8.99 ± 0.02 Log CFU/mL until 21 days. The addition of sucralose kept the viability within limits for exerting health beneficial up 42 days (7.05 ± 0.04 Log CFU/mL). Thus, the cocoa juice is a viable matrix for the probiotic juice, which allows the microbial viability maintenance throughout the shelf life. Moreover, the sucralose showed potential for the for use in low-calorie functional foods.