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Natural polymer konjac glucomannan mediated assembly of graphene oxide as versatile sponges for water pollution control

Author:
Chen, Tao, Shi, Peiheng, Zhang, Jian, Li, Yi, Duan, Tao, Dai, Lichun, Wang, Liang, Yu, Xiaofang, Zhu, Wenkun
Source:
Carbohydrate polymers 2018 v.202 pp. 425-433
ISSN:
0144-8617
Subject:
adsorption, aqueous solutions, graphene oxide, ice, konjac mannan, malachite green, models, moieties, pH, pollutants, pollution control, polymers, sorption isotherms, uranium, water pollution
Abstract:
Three-dimensional network structure of konjac glucomannan/graphene oxide (KGM/GO) sponges was successfully prepared by ice template method. The KGM/GO sponges was rich in functional groups, negatively charged under pH 2 to 10. Batch adsorption experiment was conducted to investigate the adsorption performance of the as-prepared KGM/GO sponges for organic dye (malachite green (MG)) and radionuclide (uranium U(Ⅵ)). The results showed that the maximum adsorption capacities of KGM/GO sponges were 266.97, 189.96 mg/g for U(Ⅵ) and MG, respectively. Moreover, the KGM/GO sponges exhibited an excellent selectivity for capturing U(Ⅵ) in multi-ion system. The adsorption process was fitted better to pseudo-second order model, while adsorption isotherms for these pollutants were well matched up to Langmuir models. In addition, KGM/GO sponges can be easily separated from the aqueous solution and could be effectively reused for 5 times without obvious loss in adsorption performance. The advantages of eco-friendliness, low cost, simple preparation process, controllable shape and size, as well as high adsorption capacities for MG and U(Ⅵ), suggested that KGM/GO sponges promising in water pollution control.
Agid:
6160056