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Antibacterial activity of lysozyme-binding proteins from chicken egg white

Shimazaki, Youji, Takahashi, Ayumi
Journal of microbiological methods 2018 v.154 pp. 19-24
Bacillus subtilis, Escherichia coli, Gram-negative bacteria, antibacterial properties, cathodes, digital images, egg albumen, isoelectric focusing, lysozyme, ovalbumin, phosphoric acid, sodium hydroxide, two-dimensional gel electrophoresis
The purpose of this study was to establish a method for determining the bacteriolytic activity after separation of lysozyme-binding proteins from egg white. Lysozyme-binding proteins such as ovotransferrin and ovalbumin were separated by non-denaturing two-dimensional electrophoresis (2DE) and transferred to a membrane. The lysozyme activity of the separated and immobilized egg white proteins was assessed directly to produce a non-denaturing 3D map of the egg white proteins by incorporating an axis that combined each spot's lysozyme-activity with the non-denaturing 2DE pattern. Lysozyme-ovotransferrin and lysozyme-ovalbumin complexes could be reconstructed in vitro after the cathode end fraction containing lysozyme was added to purified ovotransferrin and ovalbumin, respectively. These complexes retained lysozyme activity even after separation by non-denaturing 2DE. Furthermore, when the lysozyme-ovotransferrin complex from egg white was extracted after separation by isoelectric focusing by replacing the cathodic sodium hydroxide solution with phosphoric acid solution, the complex possessed bacteriolytic activity against both Bacillus subtilis and Escherichia coli. These methods can be applied to investigate protein complexes possessing bacteriolytic activity against a wide range of both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria.