Main content area

A combination forecasting approach applied in multistep wind speed forecasting based on a data processing strategy and an optimized artificial intelligence algorithm

Yang, Zhongshan, Wang, Jian
Applied energy 2018 v.230 pp. 1108-1125
algorithms, artificial intelligence, case studies, empirical research, hydrologic cycle, information processing, models, prediction, uncertainty, wind speed, China
Owing to the complexity and uncertainty of wind speed, accurate wind speed prediction has become a highly anticipated and challenging problem in recent years. Researchers have conducted numerous studies on wind speed prediction theory and practice; however, research on multi-step wind speed prediction remains scarce, which hinders further development in this area. To improve upon the accuracy and stability of multi-step wind speed prediction, this paper proposes a combination model based on a data preprocessing strategy, an improved optimization model, a no negative constraint theory, and several single prediction models. To improve upon forecasting performance, an improved water cycle algorithm based on a quasi-Newton algorithm is proposed to optimize the weight coefficients of the single models. In the empirical research, 10-min and 30-min wind speed data from Shandong Province in China, collected for case studies, were used to assess the comprehensive performance of the proposed combination model. Finally, we used 10-fold cross-validation and multiple error criteria to evaluate the comprehensive performance of the proposed combination model. The simulation results indicate that (a) the quasi-Newton algorithm can effectively increase the diversity of the water cycle algorithm particles, resulting in improved water cycle algorithm optimization performance; (b) the combination model exhibits superior predictive performance to a single model by taking advantage of each single model; and (c) the proposed combination model can effectively improve multi-step wind speed prediction results.