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Examination of disproportionate permeability reduction mechanism on rupture of hydrogels performance A Physicochemical and engineering aspects

Salehi, Mahsa Baghban, Soleimanian, Mina, Moghadam, Asefe Mousavi
Colloids and surfaces 2019 v.560 pp. 1-8
chromium, colloids, composite polymers, energy-dispersive X-ray analysis, equations, gel chromatography, hydrogels, modulus of elasticity, oils, permeability, polyacrylamide, prediction, scanning electron microscopes, viscoelasticity
In this paper, the overall performance of a disproportionate permeability reduction mechanism for a sulfonated polyacrylamide copolymer and the chromium triacetate crosslinker was investigated. A home-built gel filtration system was used for visual inspections and evaluations of the hydrogel performance. The experiments were conducted based on rheological test plans, energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, and scanning electron microscope. Accordingly, quadratic equations based on the polymer and crosslinker concentrations were presented predicting the rupture pressure gradient of the hydrogel and the hydrogel output due to the oil and water injection through the hydrogel. It was indicated that the polymer concentration was the main effect on the rupture pressure gradient of the hydrogel and hydrogel output. Moreover, under constant concentration of crosslinker, increasing polymer concentration showed an increase in rupture pressure gradient and output of the hydrogel due to the increase of elastic modulus of hydrogel network and its strength as a viscoelastic material. As the hydrogel structure illustrated no rupture during the gel filtration experiments, a mechanism presented justifying the disproportionate permeability reduction phenomenon which in that under constant condition, the oil permeability through hydrogel was greater than the water permeability.