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Alterations in the 5′ untranslated region of the 5‐enolpyruvylshikimate‐3‐phosphate synthase (EPSPS) gene influence EPSPS overexpression in glyphosate‐resistant Eleusine indica

Zhang, Chun, Feng, Li, Tian, Xing‐shan
Pest management science 2018 v.74 no.11 pp. 2561-2568
3-phosphoshikimate 1-carboxyvinyltransferase, Eleusine indica, gene expression regulation, gene overexpression, genes, glyphosate, glyphosate resistance, polymerase chain reaction, regulatory sequences, transcription (genetics), weeds, China
BACKGROUND: The herbicide glyphosate inhibits the enzyme 5‐enolpyruvylshikimate‐3‐phosphate synthase (EPSPS). Overexpression of the EPSPS gene is one of the molecular mechanisms conferring glyphosate resistance in weeds, but the transcriptional regulation of this gene is poorly understood. The EPSPS gene was found to be significantly up‐regulated following glyphosate treatment in a glyphosate‐resistant Eleusine indica population from southern China. To further investigate the regulation of EPSPS overexpression, the promoter of the EPSPS gene from this E. indica population was cloned and analyzed. RESULTS: Two upstream regulatory sequences, Epro‐S (862 bp) and Epro‐R (877 bp), of EPSPS were obtained from glyphosate‐susceptible (S) and ‐resistant (R) E. indica plants, respectively, by high‐efficiency thermal asymmetric interlaced polymerase chain reaction (HiTAIL‐PCR). The Epro‐S and Epro‐R sequences were 99% homologous, except for two insertions (3 and12 bp) in the R sequence. The 12‐base insertion in the Epro‐R sequence was located in the 5′ untranslated region (UTR) pyrimidine nucleotide‐rich (Py‐rich) stretch element. Promoter activity tests showed that the 12‐base insertion resulted in significant enhancement of Epro‐R promoter activity, whereas the 3‐base insertion had little effect on Epro‐R promoter activity. CONCLUSION: Alterations in the 5′ UTR Py‐rich stretch element of EPSPS are responsible for glyphosate‐induced EPSPS overexpression. Thus, EPSPS transcriptional regulation confers glyphosate resistance in this E. indica population. © 2018 Society of Chemical Industry