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Production of various organic acids from different renewable sources by immobilized cells in the regimes of separate hydrolysis and fermentation (SHF) and simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (SFF)

Maslova, Olga, Stepanov, Nikolay, Senko, Olga, Efremenko, Elena
Bioresource technology 2019 v.272 pp. 1-9
Actinobacillus succinogenes, Jerusalem artichokes, Rhizopus oryzae, algae, bacteria, biomass, biotransformation, cryogels, enzymatic hydrolysis, fermentation, fungi, hydrolysis, immobilized cells, organic acids and salts, polyvinyl alcohol, raw materials, reducing sugars, rice straw, saccharification, sawdust, stems, tubers, wheat
The study was aimed at production of different organic acids (OA) (lactic, fumaric, or succinic) by various microbial cells (filamentous fungi Rhizopus oryzae (F-814, F-1127) and bacteria Actinobacillus succinogenes B-10111) immobilized into poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) cryogel from diverse renewable raw materials (wheat and rice straw, aspen and pine sawdust, Jerusalem artichoke stems and tubers, biomass of macro- and microalgae) under batch conditions. The process productivity, bulk output and OA concentrations were higher in case of using immobilized cells than in case of free cells under identical conditions. A higher OA productivity was reached via simultaneous enzymatic saccharification and microbial fermentation (SSF) of same raw materials as compared to their separate enzymatic hydrolysis and fermentation of accumulated reducing sugars (SHF). Maximal concentrations of all OAs studied were obtained for bioconversion of Jerusalem artichoke tubers. The immobilized cells were used in long-term conversion of various renewable materials to OAs in SSF.