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Effect of prespecified therapy escalation on plasma NT‐proBNP concentrations in dogs with stable congestive heart failure due to myxomatous mitral valve disease
- Hezzell, Melanie J., Block, Chloë L., Laughlin, Danielle S., Oyama, Mark A.
- Journal of veterinary internal medicine 2018 v.32 no.5 pp. 1509-1516
- algorithms, blood serum, creatinine, dogs, heart failure, heart valve diseases, natriuretic peptides, patients, therapeutics
- BACKGROUND: Treatment targeted to achieve reduction in N‐terminal pro‐B‐type natriuretic peptide (NT‐proBNP) improves outcomes in human congestive heart failure (CHF) patients. HYPOTHESIS: A pre‐specified therapeutic algorithm that increased diuretic or pimobendan usage will reduce plasma NT‐proBNP concentrations in dogs with CHF secondary to myxomatous mitral valve disease (MMVD). ANIMALS: Twenty‐six dogs with clinically stable CHF secondary to MMVD. METHODS: Prospective, controlled before‐and‐after study. Dogs were examined up to 3 times over 21 days. Treatment was prescribed based on NT‐proBNP as follows: <1500 pmol/L at baseline, no treatment adjustment at any point during the study (group 1); ≥1500 pmol/L and creatinine ≤3.0 mg/dL at baseline or SC visits, treatment escalated according to the algorithm (group 2); ≥1500 pmol/L at baseline, no treatment adjustment (group 3). RESULTS: N‐terminal pro‐B‐type natriuretic peptide decreased significantly in group 2 (mean change = −1736 pmol/L (95% CI, −804 to −2668), P < .001) but not in groups 1 or 3 (623 pmol/L [–631 to 1877 pmol/L], P = .14 and 685 pmol/L [–304 to 1068 pmol/L], P = .46, respectively). Serum BUN and creatinine did not change significantly between visit 0 and visit 2 in group 1 (median = 23 mg/dL [range 13‐32] versus 19 mg/dL [12‐38], P = .72 and 1.15 mg/dL [0.70‐1.40] versus 0.95 mg/dL [0.70‐1.10], P = .10, respectively) or group 2 (28 mg/dL [18‐87] versus 43.5 mg/dL [21‐160], P = .092 and 1.10 mg/dL [0.90‐2.50] versus 1.55 mg/dL [0.90‐3.30], P = .062, respectively). CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL IMPORTANCE: Use of this treatment escalation algorithm allows effective targeting of treatment for CHF in dogs against an objective criterion.