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A prospective, randomized, double‐blind, placebo‐controlled pilot study of sacubitril/valsartan (Entresto) in dogs with cardiomegaly secondary to myxomatous mitral valve disease
- Newhard, Daniel K., Jung, SeungWoo, Winter, Randolph L., Duran, Sue H.
- Journal of veterinary internal medicine 2018 v.32 no.5 pp. 1555-1563
- aldosterone, blood serum, creatinine, dogs, echocardiography, electrolytes, heart valve diseases, natriuretic peptides, pharmacodynamics, radiography, renal function, systolic blood pressure
- BACKGROUND: The effects of sacubitril/valsartan (S/V) on the renin‐angiotensin‐aldosterone system (RAAS) in dogs with cardiomegaly secondary to myxomatous mitral valve disease (MMVD) are currently unknown. OBJECTIVES: To determine the pharmacodynamic effects of S/V on the RAAS, natriuretic peptide concentrations, systolic arterial pressure (SAP), tests of renal function, and serum electrolyte concentrations in dogs with cardiomegaly secondary to MMVD. ANIMALS: Thirteen client‐owned dogs weighing 4‐15 kg with American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine (ACVIM) Stage B2 MMVD. METHODS: Prospective, randomized, double‐blind, placebo‐controlled pilot study of S/V in dogs with ACVIM Stage B2 MMVD. RESULTS: Thirteen dogs were recruited: S/V (n = 7) and placebo (n = 6). The median percentage increase in urinary aldosterone to creatinine ratio (UAldo : C) between day 0 and day 30 was significantly lower in the S/V group (12%; P = .032) as compared with the placebo group (195%). The median percentage decrease of NT‐proBNP concentration from day 0 to day 30 was not statistically different between groups (P = .68). No statistical differences were seen in echocardiographic, thoracic radiographic, SAP, or serum biochemical test results measured at any time point between groups. No adverse events were observed for dogs in either group. CONCLUSION AND CLINICAL IMPORTANCE: Sacubitril/valsartan may provide a new pharmaceutical method to effectively inhibit the RAAS in dogs with ACVIM Stage B2 MMVD.