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Control of Johne's Disease in Four Commercial Dairy Herds in Iowa

Thoen, Charles O., Moore, Larry A.
Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis, antigens, blood serum, cows, dairy herds, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, feces, financial economics, income, market value, milk production, paratuberculosis, potassium chloride, slaughter, Iowa
A 6-year study was conducted in 4 dairy herds in Iowa in which Johne's disease was diagnosed previously. Fecal specimens were collected at 6-month intervals from animals 2 years of age and over for mycobacteriologic examination. Serum samples were obtained at 3-month intervals and tested by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The antigen used in the ELISA was a potassium chloride extract of a field strain of Mycobacterium paratuberculosis. The ELISA reactions were observed in 87% of the cows from which M. paratuberculosis was isolated. Dairy producers that participated in the Johne's control program reported reduced economic losses. Increased income was attributed to improved milk production, increased value of vaccinated animals sold as replacements to other dairy herds in which Johne's disease had been diagnosed, and the increased market value of slaughter animals removed from the herd.