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Increasing the Power Production of Vertical-Axis Wind-Turbine Farms Using Synergistic Clustering
- Hezaveh, Seyed Hossein, Bou-Zeid, Elie, Dabiri, John, Kinzel, Matthias, Cortina, Gerard, Martinelli, Luigi
- Boundary-layer meteorology 2018 v.169 no.2 pp. 275-296
- farms, field experimentation, power generation, simulation models, synergism, wind farms, wind power, wind turbines
- Vertical-axis wind turbines (VAWTs) are being reconsidered as a complementary technology to the more widely used horizontal-axis wind turbines (HAWTs) due to their unique suitability for offshore deployments. In addition, field experiments have confirmed that vertical-axis wind turbines can interact synergistically to enhance the total power production when placed in close proximity. Here, we use an actuator line model in a large-eddy simulation to test novel VAWT farm configurations that exploit these synergistic interactions. We first design clusters with three turbines each that preserve the omni-directionality of vertical-axis wind turbines, and optimize the distance between the clustered turbines. We then configure farms based on clusters, rather than individual turbines. The simulations confirm that vertical-axis wind turbines have a positive influence on each other when packed in well-designed clusters: such configurations increase the power generation of a single turbine by about 10 percent. In addition, the cluster designs allow for closer turbine spacing resulting in about three times the number of turbines for a given land area compared to conventional configurations. Therefore, both the turbine and wind-farm efficiencies are improved, leading to a significant increase in the density of power production per unit land area.