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Oscillatory Behavior in Methane Combustion: Influence of the Operating Parameters
- Lubrano Lavadera, M., Song, Y., Sabia, P., Herbinet, O., Pelucchi, M., Stagni, A., Faravelli, T., Battin-Leclerc, F., de Joannon, M.
- Energy & fuels 2018 v.32 no.10 pp. 10088-10099
- atmospheric pressure, carbon, carbon dioxide, combustion, fuels, gases, heat transfer, methane, nitrogen, prediction, temperature
- The influence of the main process parameters on the oscillatory behavior of methane oxidation was analyzed in conditions relevant for low-temperature combustion processes. The investigation was performed by means of direct comparisons between experimental measurements realized in two jet-stirred flow reactors used at atmospheric pressure. With the operating conditions of the two systems coupled, wide ranges of the inlet temperature (790–1225 K), equivalence ratio (0.5 < Φ < 1.5), methane mole fraction (XCH₄ from 0.01 to 0.05), bath gases (i.e., He, N₂, CO₂, or H₂O) and different overall mixture dilution levels were exploited in relation to the identification of oscillatory regimes. Although the reference systems mainly differ in thermal conditions (i.e., heat exchange to the surroundings), temperature measurements suggested that the oscillatory phenomena occurred when the system working temperature accessed a well-identifiable temperature range. Experimental results were simulated by means of a detailed kinetic scheme and commercial codes developed for complex chemistry processes. Simulations were also extended considering systems with different heat losses to the surroundings, thus passing from adiabatic to isothermal systems. Results highlighted the kinetic nature of the dynamic behavior. Because predictions were consistent with experimental tests, further numerical analyses were realized to identify the kinetics responsible for the establishment of oscillatory phenomena. Temperature oscillations were predicted for a significant reactor working temperature range, where oxidation and recombination kinetic routes, involving carbon C₁–₂ species as well as reactions of the H₂/O₂ sub-scheme, become competitive, thus boosting limit cycle behaviors. Oscillatory phenomena cease when the system working temperatures exceed characteristic threshold values with the promotion of faster oxidation routes that diminish the inhibiting effects of recombination reactions.