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Efficiency and Safety Assurance of Six Fungicides Applied on Postharvest Cabbages Stored in a Natural Environment

Miao, Guopeng, Han, Juan, Ye, Tao, Chen, Zhina, Zhang, Kegui
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry 2018 v.66 no.41 pp. 10864-10870
Botrytis cinerea, Brassica oleracea var. capitata, boiling, cabbage, cyprodinil, fruit products, leaves, peeling, postharvest diseases, shelf life, soaking, spraying, stir frying, washing
Postharvest disease is a major factor in the limited shelf life of many fruits and vegetables, and it is often managed using fungicidal spraying or soaking. In this study, we first tested the efficiency of six common fungicides on postharvest head cabbage (Brassica oleracea var. capitata) against Botrytis cinerea. Afterward, the elimination abilities of these six fungicides on different layers of cabbage heads were examined, and the effects of the household processes on residue removal were evaluated. Results showed that very low contents of residues reached the inner layers and that peeling the three outmost leaves of cabbage could eliminate most of the investigated fungicides. All six fungicides disappeared during washing, stir-frying, or boiling, among which cyprodinil was the easiest to be eliminated. Furthermore, the combined processes reduced the residues below the limits of quantification for all six investigated fungicides, even after 2 days of spraying.