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Induction of Human-Lung-Cancer-A549-Cell Apoptosis by 4-Hydroperoxy-2-decenoic Acid Ethyl Ester through Intracellular ROS Accumulation and the Induction of Proapoptotic CHOP Expression
- Kamiya, Tetsuro, Watanabe, Momoko, Hara, Hirokazu, Mitsugi, Yukari, Yamaguchi, Eiji, Itoh, Akichika, Adachi, Tetsuo
- Journal of agricultural and food chemistry 2018 v.66 no.41 pp. 10741-10747
- DNA fragmentation, acetylcysteine, anticarcinogenic activity, antioxidant activity, apoptosis, endoplasmic reticulum stress, fatty acids, honey bees, mitogen-activated protein kinase, neoplasm cells, reactive oxygen species, royal jelly
- Royal jelly, a natural product secreted by honeybees, contains several fatty acids, such as 10-hydroxy-2-decenoic acid (DE), and shows anti- and pro-apoptotic properties. 4-Hydroperoxy-2-decenoic acid ethyl ester (HPO-DAEE), a DE derivative, exhibits potent antioxidative activity; however, it currently remains unclear whether HPO-DAEE induces cancer-cell death. In the present study, treatment with HPO-DAEE induced human-lung-cancer-A549-cell death (52.7 ± 10.2%) that was accompanied by DNA fragmentation. Moreover, the accumulation of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS, 2.38 ± 0.1-fold) and the induction of proapoptotic CCAAT-enhancer-binding-protein-homologous-protein (CHOP) expression (18.4 ± 4.0-fold) were observed in HPO-DAEE-treated cells. HPO-DAEE-elicited CHOP expression and cell death were markedly suppressed by pretreatment with N-acetylcysteine (NAC), an antioxidant, by 2.40 ± 1.57-fold and 5.7 ± 1.6%, respectively. Pretreatment with 4-phenylbutyric acid (PBA), an inhibitor of endoplasmic reticulum stress, also suppressed A549-cell death (38.4 ± 1.1%). Furthermore, we demonstrated the involvement of extracellular-signal-regulated protein kinase (ERK) and p38-related signaling in HPO-DAEE-elicited cell-death events. Overall, we concluded that HPO-DAEE induces A549-cell apoptosis through the ROS–ERK–p38 pathway and, at least in part, the CHOP pathway.