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Objective Classification of Fabric Pilling Based on the Two-Dimensional Discrete Wavelet Transform
- Palmer, Stuart, Xungai Wang,
- Textile research journal 2003 v.73 no.8 pp. 713-720
- automation, fabrics, image analysis, textile fibers, wavelet
- A number of methods for automated objective ratings of fabric pilling based on image analysis are described in the literature. The periodic structure of fabrics makes them suitable candidates for frequency domain analysis. We propose a new method of frequency domain analysis based on the two-dimensional discrete wavelet transform to objectively measure pilling intensity in sample images. We present a preliminary evaluation of the proposed method based on analysis of two series of standard pilling evaluation test images. The initial results suggest that the proposed method is feasible, and that the ability of the method to discriminate between levels of pilling intensity depends on the wavelet analysis scale being closely matched to the fabric interyarn pitch. We also present a heuristic method for optimal selection of an analysis wavelet and associated analysis scale.