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Mote trash system total particulate emission factors and rates for cotton gins: Method 17

Michael D. Buser, Derek P. Whitelock, J. Clif Boykin, Gregory A. Holt
Journal of cotton science 2015 v.19 no.1 pp. 168-175
cotton, cotton gin, data collection, emissions factor, particulate emissions, pollution control
This report is part of a project to characterize cotton gin emissions from the standpoint of stack sampling. The impetus behind this project was the urgent need to collect additional cotton gin emissions data to address current regulatory issues. A key component of this study was focused on Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) total particulate emission factors. EPA AP-42 emission factors are generally assigned a rating, from A (Excellent) to E (Poor), to assess the quality of the data being referenced. Current EPA total particulate emission factor ratings for cotton gins are extremely low. Cotton gin data received these low ratings because the data were collected almost exclusively from a single geographical region. The objective of this study was to collect additional total particulate emission factor data for mote trash systems from cotton gins located in regions across the cotton belt using EPA-approved stack sampling methodology. The project plan included sampling seven cotton gins. Key factors for selecting specific cotton gins included: 1) facility location, 2) production capacity, 3) processing systems and 4) abatement technologies. Two gins with mote trash system exhausts were sampled. The average production rate during testing for the two gins was 31.6 bales/h. The average mote trash system total particulate emission factor based on two tests (6 total test runs) was 0.018 kg/227-kg bale (0.039 lb/500-lb bale). This average total particulate emission factor was lower than that currently published in 1996 EPA AP-42, which was 0.035 kg/bale (0.077 lb/bale).The mote trash system emission rate test averages ranged from 0.47 to 0.60 kg/h (1.03-1.33 lb/h).