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Recombinant occlusion bodies of baculovirus as carriers of a non-structural protein of foot-and-mouth disease virus

Diez, Michay, Trotta, Myrian, Alfonso, Victoria, Taboga, Oscar, López, María Gabriela
3 Biotech 2018 v.8 no.11 pp. 457
Baculoviridae, Foot-and-mouth disease virus, Western blotting, animals, antibodies, antigens, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, foot-and-mouth disease, polypeptides, recombinant fusion proteins, viral nonstructural proteins, viruses
Here, we developed a diagnostic ELISA for foot-and-mouth disease using recombinant occlusion bodies (rOBs) of baculovirus. We fused Δ3AB₁–₃, a polypeptide derived from non-structural proteins of foot-and-mouth disease virus, to polyhedrin (POLH), the major constituent of OBs, under polh promoter. To further assess the most convenient strategy to improve yields, we designed two recombinant baculoviruses, vPOLH and vPOLHE₄₄G. These carried the sequence of the fusion protein POLH-Δ3AB₁–₃ with an additional copy in cis of polh or polhE₄₄G, respectively, under p10 promoter. Our results show that both viruses expressed POLH-Δ3AB₁–₃, which was detected by western blot in purified rOBs with anti-POLH and anti-3AB1 antibodies. We also found that vPOLHE₄₄G produced larger polyhedra and a significant increase of antigen yield (p < 0.01). Furthermore, the chimeric protein POLH-Δ3AB₁–₃ was recognized by sera from experimentally infected animals, showing that translational fusion to POLH does not alter the antigenicity of Δ3AB₁–₃. Finally, the rOBs were successfully used in an ELISA test to differentiate infected from vaccinated animals. Taken together, these results demonstrate the great potential of rOBs to develop diagnostic schemes adaptable to animal infectious diseases.