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HS-SPME/GC-MS Method to Characterise the Flavour of Italian Pasta: Potential Application to Assess the Quality of the Products

Boccacci Mariani, Maurizio, Giannetti, Vanessa, Testani, Elena
Food analytical methods 2014 v.7 no.1 pp. 64-72
consumer acceptance, durum wheat, flavor, gas chromatography, markets, mass spectrometry, nutritive value, pasta, quantitative analysis, volatile compounds
Food flavour, consisting of a large number of volatile compounds, has great influence on consumer acceptability and, when safety and nutritional value are guaranteed, sensory parameters become the discriminating factor in the product quality assessment which determines the differentiation on the market. The present work combines head space-solid phase micro-extraction and gas chromatography mass spectrometry techniques to analyse the volatile fraction of Italian durum wheat pasta. The aim was the optimization of an analytical method suitable to show possible differences in pasta flavour richness and identify compounds that could be used as food quality markers. Twenty-three odorants were identified and confirmed by comparing their mass spectra with those of 27 standard substances. The optimum conditions for extraction temperature and time, respectively, resulted from 70 °C and 90 min; the best recoveries were achieved with 10.5 g of sample. The developed method was applied for the relative quantitative analysis of different priced pasta to verify the technique capability to highlight possible quality differences. ©Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013.