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Determination of Triazoles in Tea Samples Using Dispersive Solid Phase Extraction Combined with Dispersive Liquid–Liquid Microextraction Followed by Liquid Chromatography–Tandem Mass Spectrometry

Zhang, Yu, Xu, Hui
Food analytical methods 2014 v.7 no.1 pp. 189-196
cleaning, fungicide residues, linear models, mass spectrometry, microextraction, penconazole, solid phase extraction, solvents, tea, tebuconazole, triazoles
In this study, dispersive solid phase extraction (DSPE) combined with dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction (DLLME) method was developed for the determination of triazole fungicide residues in tea samples. DSPE with ODS C18, primary secondary amine, and florisil as sorbents was applied to clean up and minimize matrix interference from tea samples; it was followed with the enrichment of target compounds in the DLLME procedure and detection with liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). The effects of various experimental parameters on the DSPE and DLLME procedures were studied systematically, such as the kinds and volume of sorbents, extraction and dispersive solvents, and extraction time. Under optimum conditions, the method was validated in a tea matrix. The matrix-matched calibration curves of three triazoles had good linearity in the range of 0.0125-50 μg kg-1, and the linear regression coefficients (r) ranged from 0.9998 to 0.9999. The limits of quantification (S/N = 10) for penconazole, tebuconazole, and triadimenfon were 4.0, 7.8, and 31.6 ng kg-1, respectively. The intra-day and inter-day relative standard deviations varied from 3.6 to 18.6 %. Recoveries in three concentration levels were between 91 and 118 %. The obtained results show that the proposed DSPE-DLLME-LC-MS method has the potential to analyze trace fungicides in a complex sample matrix. ©Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013.