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A spatially distributed Clark’s unit hydrograph based hybrid hydrologic model (Distributed-Clark)

Cho, Younghyun, Engel, Bernard A., Merwade, Venkatesh M.
Hydrological sciences journal 2018 v.63 no.10 pp. 1519-1539
case studies, hydrodynamics, hydrograph, hydrologic models, meteorological data, model validation, runoff, soil conservation, storms, stream flow, watersheds, United States
A hybrid hydrologic model (Distributed-Clark), which is a lumped conceptual and distributed feature model, was developed based on the combined concept of Clark’s unit hydrograph and its spatial decomposition methods, incorporating refined spatially variable flow dynamics to implement hydrological simulation for spatially distributed rainfall–runoff flow. In Distributed-Clark, the Soil Conservation Service (SCS) curve number method is utilized to estimate spatially distributed runoff depth and a set of separated unit hydrographs is used for runoff routing to obtain a direct runoff flow hydrograph. Case studies (four watersheds in the central part of the USA) using spatially distributed (Thiessen polygon-based) rainfall data of storm events were used to evaluate the model performance. Results demonstrate relatively good fit to observed streamflow, with a Nash-Sutcliffe efficiency (ENS) of 0.84 and coefficient of determination (R²) of 0.86, as well as a better fit in comparison with outputs of spatially averaged rainfall data simulations for two models including HEC-HMS.