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Removal of Pb(ii) and Cr(vi) from aqueous solutions using the prepared porous adsorbent-supported Fe/Ni nanoparticles

Liu, Jiwei, Dai, Min, Song, Shaoxian, Peng, Changsheng
RSC advances 2018 v.8 no.56 pp. 32063-32072
Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, Ulva prolifera, X-ray diffraction, adsorbents, adsorption, aqueous solutions, bentonite, chromium, fly ash, ionic strength, ions, iron, lead, models, nanoparticles, nickel, pH, scanning electron microscopy, solid wastes, temperature
In this study, Fe/Ni nanoparticles supported by a novel fly ash-based porous adsorbent (FBA-Fe/Ni) for Cr(vi) and Pb(ii) removal were investigated. In order to enhance the reactivity of zero-valent iron (ZVI), ZVI particles were deposited on the surface or in the inner pores of FBA as a support material and Ni nanoparticles were introduced. FBA was prepared with the solid waste such as Enteromorpha prolifera, bentonite and fly ash. FBA-Fe/Ni was characterized via Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction and the Brunauer–Emmett–Teller model and energy-dispersive spectrometry. The effects of various parameters on Cr(vi) and Pb(ii) removal by FBA-Fe/Ni, such as FBA-Fe/Ni dosage, pH of the solution, reaction temperature, Cr(vi) and Pb(ii) concentrations, co-existing ions and ionic strength were discussed. The possible removal mechanisms were proposed and the results indicated that there was a three-step reaction including the adsorption of Cr(vi) and Pb(ii) on the surface of FBA-Fe/Ni, the subsequent reduction and precipitation. The removal capacity of Cr(vi) and Pb(ii) by FBA-Fe/Ni was 25.07 mg g⁻¹ and 164.19 mg g⁻¹ at 303 K with an initial concentration of 1000 mg L⁻¹ and FBA-Fe/Ni dosage of 0.20 g. In conclusion, this work demonstrated that FBA-Fe/Ni was a promising alternative material for Cr(vi) and Pb(ii) removal.