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Effects of hydrotalcite on rigid polyurethane foam composites containing a fire retarding agent: compressive stress, combustion resistance, sound absorption, and electromagnetic shielding effectiveness

Peng, Hao-Kai, Wang, Xiao Xiao, Li, Ting-Ting, Huang, Shih-Yu, Lin, Qi, Shiu, Bing-Chiuan, Lou, Ching-Wen, Lin, Jia-Horng
RSC advances 2018 v.8 no.58 pp. 33542-33550
absorption, aluminum foil, cell structures, combustion, flame retardants, foams, hydrotalcite, nonwoven fabrics, nylon, polyesters, polyols, polyurethanes, thermal stability
Polyether polyol, isocyanate, and a flame retardant (10 wt%), hydrotalcite (0, 1, 3, 5, 7, and 9 wt%) are used to form a rigid PU foam, while a nylon nonwoven fabric (400 g m⁻²) and a polyester aluminum foil are combined to serve as the panel. The rigid PU foam and the panel are then combined to form the rigid foam composites. The cell structure, compressive stress, combustion resistance, thermal stability, sound absorption, and electromagnetic shielding effectiveness of the rigid foam composites are evaluated, examining the effects of using hydrotalcite. When the hydrotalcite is 5 wt%, the rigid foam composites have an optimal density of 0.168 g cm⁻³, an average cell size of 0.2858 mm, a maximum compressive stress of 479.95 kpa, an optimal LOI of 29, an optimal EMSE of 45 dB, and the maximum thermal stability and sound absorption.