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Facile synthesis of novel porous self-assembling hydrogen-bonding covalent organic polymers and their applications towards fluoroquinolone antibiotics adsorption

Li, Zhuoran, Xu, Feifan, Liu, Zhi, Qin, Chuanyu, Ren, Hao, Li, Yangxue
RSC advances 2018 v.8 no.58 pp. 33516-33522
adsorption, antibiotics, aqueous solutions, crystal structure, electrostatic interactions, fluoroquinolones, hydrogen bonding, hydrophobic bonding, kinetics, models, pollutants, pollution, pollution control, polymers, sorption isotherms, wastewater
A series of porous hydrogen-bonding covalent organic polymers (HCOPs) have been synthesized based on three-composite building blocks through a quick and succinct method for fluoroquinolone antibiotics adsorption from aqueous solutions. The porous properties of the HCOPs were regulated and controlled by adjusting the lengths of linkers, and the crystallinity and stability were strengthened due to the introduction of hydrogen bonds in HCOPs. Taking advantage of the porous properties and π-conjugated phenyl rings, as well as functional –CO–NH– and –COOH groups, HCOPs removed organic pollutants from wastewater effectively and showed good reusability. The external adsorption behavior was analyzed using both kinetic analysis and isotherm analysis. The results showed that the adsorption obeys the pseudo-second order kinetic model and follows the Langmuir isotherm model. The obtained maximum adsorption capacity of the four HCOPs was arranged in sequence according to the specific surface areas and pore sizes. Furthermore, the internal mechanisms involving perforated porousness, electrostatic interaction, hydrophobic interaction, π–π electron-donor–acceptor (EDA) interaction and hydrogen bonding formation, were investigated in detail. We envisage broadly applying the HCOPs in the facile and effective management of environmental pollution.