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An Invasive Shrimp Species, Machrobrachium nipponense, in Anzali Wetland Demonstrated a Potential Source for Commercial Fishing
- Lavajoo, Fatemeh, Amrollahi Biuki, Narges, Khanipour, Aliasghar, Mirzajani, Alireza, Akbarzadeh, Arash
- Journal of aquatic food product technology 2018 v.27 no.9 pp. 975-985
- Macrobrachium nipponense, alpha-linolenic acid, arachidonic acid, autumn, docosahexaenoic acid, eicosapentaenoic acid, fatty acid composition, fisheries, habitats, humans, linoleic acid, muscles, nutritive value, oleic acid, palmitic acid, palmitoleic acid, wetlands, Iran
- The proximate content, fatty acids composition, and nutritional quality index (NQI) of Macrobrachium nipponense at three habitats in the Anzali wetland in Iran were investigated as a potential source for human consumption. The highest amounts of protein, lipid, ash, and energy contents in muscle of M. nipponense were showed in autumn (non-reproductive season) (p < 0.05). The main monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA) were oleic acid (C18:1 n9 C, C18:1 ω9 T) and palmitoleic acid (C16:1). Moreover, the main polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) were docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, C22:6 n3), eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA, C20:5n3), arachidonic acid (ARA, C20:4 n6), linoleic acid (LA, C18:2 ω6), and α-linolenic acid (ALA, C18:3 n3). The predominant individual saturated fatty acid (SFA) was palmitic acid (0.07–13.4%), while oleic acid (14.7–26.3%), EPA (3.5–12.7%) and linoleic acid (0.04–14.9%) represented the most abundant individual MUFA and PUFA in M. nipponense. The highest mean value of EPA+DHA (14.0), n3/n6 (1.02), ΣMUFA/ΣSFA (1.05), ΣPUFA/ΣSFA (1.04), and EPA/DHA (3.8) ratios in M. nipponense was in autumn. The range of atherogenicity index (AI) and thrombogenicity index (TI) was much lower, from 0.42 to 0.6 and from 0.33 to 0.57, respectively, in terms of season. The results obtained in the present study show that M. nipponense is an excellent nutritional food source in the Anzali wetland.