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QTL for flag leaf size and their influence on yield-related traits in wheat

Zhao, Chunhua, Bao, Yinguang, Wang, Xiuqin, Yu, Haitao, Ding, Anming, Guan, Chunhui, Cui, Junpeng, Wu, Yongzhen, Sun, Han, Li, Xingfeng, Zhai, Dongfeng, Li, Linzhi, Wang, Honggang, Cui, Fa
Euphytica 2018 v.214 no.11 pp. 209
DNA shuffling, Triticum aestivum, breeding programs, chromosomes, females, genetic relationships, inbred lines, leaf width, leaves, plant architecture, plant breeding, quantitative trait loci, seeds, wheat
Flag leaf-related traits (FLRTs) are determinant traits affecting plant architecture and yield potential in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). In this study, three related recombinant inbred line (RIL) populations with a common female parent were developed to identify quantitative trait loci (QTL) for flag leaf width (FLW), length (FLL), and area (FLA) in four environments. A total of 31 QTL were detected in four environments. Two QTL for FLL on chromosomes 3B and 4A (QFll-3B and QFll-4A) and one for FLW on chromosome 2A (QFlw-2A) were major stable QTL. Ten QTL clusters (C1–C10) simultaneously controlling FLRTs and yield-related traits (YRTs) were identified. To investigate the genetic relationship between FLRTs and YRTs, correlation analysis was conducted. FLRTs were found to be positively correlated with YRTs especially with kernel weight per spike and kernel number per spike in all the three RIL populations and negatively correlated with spike number per plant. Appropriate flag leaf size could benefit the formation of high yield potential. This study laid a genetic foundation for improving yield potential in wheat molecular breeding programs.