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Official control of plant protection products in Poland: detection of illegal products

Miszczyk, Marek, Płonka, Marlena, Stobiecki, Tomasz, Kronenbach-Dylong, Dorota, Waleczek, Kazimierz, Weber, Roland
Environmental science and pollution research international 2018 v.25 no.32 pp. 31906-31916
adulterated products, chemical analysis, crops, herbicides, plant protection, police, quality control, research institutions, trade, world markets, Poland
Market presence of illegal and counterfeit pesticides is now a global problem. According to data published in 2012 by the European Crop Protection Association (ECPA), illegal products represent over 10% of the global market of plant protection products. Financial benefits are the main reason for the prevalence of this practice. Counterfeit and illegal pesticides may contain substances that may pose a threat to the environment, crops, animals, and humans, inconsistent with the label and registration dossier. In Poland, action against illegal and counterfeit plant protection products is undertaken by the Main Inspectorate of Plant Health and Seed Inspection (PIORiN), the police, the prosecution, and the pesticide producers. Results of chemical analyses carried out by the Institute of Plant Protection - National Research Institute Sośnicowice Branch, Pesticide Quality Testing Laboratory (PQTL IPP-NRI Sosnicowice Branch) indicate that a majority of illegal pesticides in Poland are detected in the group of herbicides. Products from parallel trade tend to have the most irregularities. This article describes the official quality control system of plant protection products in Poland and presents the analytical methods for testing pesticides suspected of adulteration and recent test results.