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Adsorptive removal of eight heavy metals from aqueous solution by unmodified and modified agricultural waste: tangerine peel

Abdić, Š., Memić, M., Šabanović, E., Sulejmanović, J., Begić, S.
International journal of environmental science and technology 2018 v.15 no.12 pp. 2511-2518
adsorbents, adsorption, agricultural wastes, aqueous solutions, biosorbents, cadmium, chemical treatment, chromium, cobalt, copper, heavy metals, kinetics, lead, manganese, metal ions, nickel, pH, remediation, tangerines, water pollution, zinc
Analysis was carried out using tangerine peel aiming its use as a potential adsorbent of eight heavy metal ions (Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Mn, Ni, Pb and Zn) from aqueous solution. This agricultural waste was tested both in its untreated and also chemically modified form. Based on Fourier transformation infrared spectra, a comparison of biosorbent structure before and after chemical treatment was made. Batch adsorption tests were conducted at different pH and mass of sorbent to examine the influence on the effectiveness of simultaneous removal of tested ions. Kinetic studies were conducted at optimum pH 5.0 and sorbent dosage 300 mg. The pseudo-second-order kinetic model best fit the experimental data with high correlation coefficients (r² > 0.9997). By optimizing listed parameters, high removal efficiencies (> 89%) were achieved. According to the results obtained in this study, the remediation of water polluted with heavy metals could be done using modified tangerine peel as an agricultural waste material.