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Assessment of Toxicity and Potential Risk of Butene-fipronil Using Drosophila melanogaster, in Comparison to Nine Conventional Insecticides
- Arain, Muhammad Shahid, Hu, Xing-Xing, Li, Guo-Qing
- Bulletin of environmental contamination and toxicology 2014 v.92 no.2 pp. 190-195
- Drosophila melanogaster, abamectin, acephate, acetamiprid, adults, chlorpyrifos, clothianidin, imidacloprid, larvae, lethal dose 50, methomyl, risk, risk assessment, spinosad
- The toxicities of butene-fipronil to Drosophila melanogaster were evaluated, in comparison to nine conventional insecticides. According to the mean LD₅₀ values of the larvae from CS, w ¹¹¹⁸ and Oregan strains, butene-fipronil, abamectin, spinosad and chlorpyrifos exhibited high levels of toxicity. Imidacloprid, α-cypermethrin and clothianidin showed middle levels of toxicity. And acephate, methomyl and acetamiprid had low levels of toxicity. To the adults, butene-fipronil, α-cypermethrin, spinosad, and chlorpyrifos were relatively more toxic, whereas acephate, methomyl, acetamiprid, imidacloprid, clothianidin and abamectin were relatively less toxic. Butene-fipronil and abamectin were more toxic to larvae. In contrast, spinosad, α-cypermethrin, and clothianidin were more toxic to adults. Moreover, the toxic risk assessment using a risk quotient value revealed that butene-fipronil was safe to D. melanogaster adults. Thus, our results suggested that butene-fipronil is harmful to D. melanogaster larvae, but it is relatively safe to the adults.