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Metal Discharges by Sinaloa Rivers to the Coastal Zone of NW Mexico

Frías-Espericueta, M. G., Mejía-Cruz, R., Osuna López, I., Muy-Rangel, M. D., Rubio-Carrasco, W., Aguilar-Juárez, M., Voltolina, D.
Bulletin of environmental contamination and toxicology 2014 v.92 no.2 pp. 132-136
aquatic communities, cadmium, coastal water, iron, lead, manganese, rivers, spring, wet season, winter, zinc, Mexico
The aim of this work was to survey the discharges of dissolved and particulate Cd, Cu, Fe, Mn, Pb and Zn of the eight main rivers of Sinaloa State to the Mexican coastal environment. Zn was the most abundant dissolved metal and Fe was the most abundant particulate (8.02–16.90 and 51.8–1,140.3 μg/L, respectively). Only particulate Mn had significantly (p = 0.028) higher values in summer-fall (rainy season), whereas the significantly (p = 0.036) higher values of dissolved Zn were observed in winter and spring. The highest annual total discharges to Sinaloa coastal waters were those of the rivers San Lorenzo and Piaxtla (>2 × 10³ m.t.) and the lowest those of rivers Baluarte and El Fuerte (349 and 119 m.t., respectively). Pb concentrations may become of concern, because they are higher than the value recommended for the welfare of aquatic communities of natural waters.