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The efficacy of a novel topical formulation of selamectin plus sarolaner (Revolution® Plus/Stronghold® Plus) in preventing the development of Dirofilaria immitis in cats

Author:
McTier, Tom L., Pullins, Aleah, Chapin, Sara, Rugg, Jady, von Reitzenstein, Marcela, McCall, John W., King, Vickie L., Vatta, Adriano F.
Source:
Veterinary parasitology 2019 v.270 pp. 56-62
ISSN:
0304-4017
Subject:
Dirofilaria immitis, adults, cat diseases, cats, geometry, heartworms, ingredients, larvae, scapula, selamectin, topical application
Abstract:
Three controlled studies were conducted to investigate the efficacy of selamectin plus sarolaner (Revolution® Plus/Stronghold® Plus) in preventing feline heartworm disease in cats. In all studies, cats were inoculated with 100 Dirofilaria immitis third stage larvae on Day -30. In the first study, cats were treated with selamectin plus sarolaner as a single dose on Day 0 or as three consecutive monthly doses on Days 0, 28 and 56. In the second and third studies, cats were treated with either sarolaner alone on Day 0, selamectin plus sarolaner on Day 0 or selamectin plus sarolaner as three consecutive monthly doses on Days 0, 28 and 56. In all three studies, dosages were 6 mg/kg selamectin plus 1 mg/kg sarolaner or 1 mg/kg sarolaner alone. Control cats were given a placebo containing inert formulation ingredients (vehicle). All treatments were administered at a single site topically to the skin cranial to the scapulae. Cats were humanely euthanized on Day 145/146 (i.e., 175/176 post-inoculation), and adult D. immitis worms were recovered and enumerated. Across the three studies, adult heartworms were recovered from 87 to 100% of control cats, with geometric mean worm counts ranging from 2.1 to 5.4. No adult D. immitis worms were recovered from cats treated with selamectin plus sarolaner. Cats treated with sarolaner alone were not protected against D. immitis infection, showing geometric mean worm counts of 1.9 to 2.4. In these studies, selamectin (6 mg/kg) plus sarolaner (1 mg/kg) was 100% effective in preventing heartworm development in cats when administered topically as one dose 30 days after inoculation or as three consecutive monthly doses starting 30 days post-inoculation. These studies demonstrated that a single topical administration of selamectin plus sarolaner at the recommended dosage was completely effective in preventing the development of D. immitis in cats.
Agid:
6179501