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A review of arsenic in crops, vegetables, animals and food products

Upadhyay, Munish K., Shukla, Anurakti, Yadav, Poonam, Srivastava, Sudhakar
Food chemistry 2019 v.276 pp. 608-618
animal products, arsenic, crops, dietary nutrient sources, drinking water, exports, humans, imports, infant foods, infants, mushrooms, rice, risk, toddlers, toxicity, Australia, Bangladesh, India
Arsenic (As) is a carcinogenic element threatening the health of millions of people around the world. The sources for human exposure include drinking water, crops, processed food items, vegetables, mushrooms, animal products etc. The people at most risk are those living in hotspots of As contamination viz., Bangladesh and West Bengal, India. However, it has been found that rice growing in other uncontaminated regions like Australia can also contain high As levels. Further, rice import/export among various countries make the problem of global concern. The emergence of several reports of As in rice based food products including baby food from different parts of the world demonstrates that even the infants and toddlers are not spared. The variation in the levels of inorganic and organic As species in different food items influence the associated As toxicity. This review tries to present the available data on As levels in various dietary sources.