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Facile synthesis of recycling Fe3O4/graphene adsorbents with potassium humate for Cr(VI) removal

Author:
Wang, Xiaopeng, Lu, Jing, Cao, Baoyong, Liu, Xueming, Lin, Zhang, Yang, Chao, Wu, Ronglan, Su, Xintai, Wang, Xuefeng
Source:
Colloids and surfaces 2019 v.560 pp. 384-392
ISSN:
0927-7757
Subject:
adsorbents, adsorption, chromium, colloids, equations, graphene, metal ions, models, moieties, nanocomposites, potassium, recycling, sorption isotherms, wastewater
Abstract:
Potassium humate possesses a wide variety of oxygen-containing functional groups and has good adsorption and complexation properties for many kinds of transition metal ions. In this work, a simple and separable route had been developed to synthesize Fe3O4/graphene nanocomposite, derived from potassium humate, were employed for the effective adsorption of Cr(VI) in aqueous phase. In addition, the Fe3O4/graphene nanocomposite prepared at 600 °C (S-600) showed a maximum adsorption capacity of 280.6 mg/g for Cr(VI) and good cycling performance, which was much higher than those reported graphene-based adsorbents and other conventional adsorbents. The adsorptive behavior was well fitted to the Langmuir isotherm model. The adsorption kinetics for removal of Cr(VI) agreed with pseudo-second-order equation, which indicates a kind of chemical adsorption. Its superior adsorption performance might be due to the effective adsorption sites at the surface and formation of FeOH2+ on the surface of Fe3O4/graphene. This work provided a promising approach for the removal of Cr(VI) from wastewater using a Fe3O4/graphene nanocomposite, which shows a huge number of application prospects.
Agid:
6180128