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The significance of proline on lignocellulose-derived inhibitors tolerance in Clostridium acetobutylicum ATCC 824

Liao, Zhengping, Guo, Xiaolong, Hu, Jialei, Suo, Yukai, Fu, Hongxin, Wang, Jufang
Bioresource technology 2019 v.272 pp. 561-569
Clostridium acetobutylicum, acid hydrolysis, biomass, biosynthesis, butanol, corn straw, fermentation, formic acid, hydrolysates, industrialization, lignocellulose, phenolic compounds, proline, rice straw, soybeans, toxicity
When lignocellulosic biomass was used for acetone-butanol-ethanol (ABE) fermentation, several lignocellulose-derived inhibitors, which are toxic to Clostridium acetobutylicum, were generated during acid hydrolysis process and seriously hindered the industrialization of lignocellulosic butanol. In this study, an engineered strain 824(proABC) with significantly improved tolerance to multiple lignocellulose-derived inhibitors (formic acid and phenolic compounds) was constructed by strengthening the proline biosynthesis. The engineered strain exhibited more effective synthesis ability of proline and scavenging ability of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Consequently, the butanol produced by 824(proABC) was 1-, 2.4- or 3.4-fold higher than that of the wild type strain when using the undetoxified hydrolysate of soybean straw, rice straw or corn straw as the substrate, respectively. Therefore, enhancing the proline biosynthesis can be used as an effective strategy to improve the tolerance of C. acetobutylicum to multiple lignocellulose-derived inhibitors, and 824(proABC) has great potential to produce butanol from undetoxified lignocellulosic hydrolysates.