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Modelling agro-environmental variables under data availability limitations and scenario managements in an alluvial region of the North China Plain

Manevski, Kiril, Børgesen, Christen D., Li, Xiaoxin, Andersen, Mathias N., Zhang, Xiying, Shen, Yanjun, Hu, Chunsheng
Environmental modelling & software 2019 v.111 pp. 94-107
Food and Agriculture Organization, agroecosystems, crop yield, drainage, environmental models, leaching, meteorological data, nitrogen, simulation models, soil heterogeneity, soil surveys, China
Single or multiple weather station data were combined with soil textural data ranging from low to high detail, i.e., point data from a field station, the FAO Digital Soil Map of the World and a comprehensive data from national soil survey, as input to the Daisy model to simulate and upscale crop yields, drainage and nitrogen leaching for an agroecosystem in the North China Plain. Increasing the detail of the weather data increased the spatial variation of all simulated variables and decreased their regional median. Regional crop yields were simulated well with high-detail input data, though at a weak response to data detail. Simulated regional drainage and nitrogen leaching, and their spatial variability, however, responded well and increased two-to threefold, but their regional medians were similar for medium- and high-detail soil data. This work demonstrates the importance of explicit consideration of weather and soil variability for agro-environmental simulation studies at regional scale.