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The similarity and variability of the iridoid glycoside profile and antioxidant capacity of aerial and underground parts of Lamiophlomis rotata according to UPLC-TOF-MS and multivariate analyses
- Zhang, Dan, Gao, Yun-ling, Jiang, Sheng, Chen, Yiwen, Zhang, Yi, Pan, Zheng
- RSC advances 2018 v.8 no.5 pp. 2459-2468
- active ingredients, aerial parts, antioxidant activity, iridoid glycosides, mass spectrometry, medicinal plants, medicinal properties, multivariate analysis, quality control, roots, underground parts
- Lamiophlomis rotata (L. rotata) is a Tibetan medicinal herb used for centuries that contains iridoid glycosides (IGs), which are pharmacologically active ingredients and can be used for quality control. The IG profiles of the underground and aerial parts of the plant were determined by UPLC-TOF-MS to evaluate the similarity and variability of the different herbal parts listed in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia. Twenty-six IGs were detected in the total ion current (TIC) profile of L. rotata, and twenty-two of these were identified by comparing the retention times and mass spectra of the compounds to those of authentic standards. Among these compounds, five IGs with the same molecular formula (C₁₇H₂₆O₁₁) were identified for the first time by mass spectrometry based on their different hydroxyl group-substituted positions. The aerial part has a similar chemical profile to that of the roots. The difference between the two parts was determined by multivariate statistical analysis of the UPLC-TOF-MS data of 24 specimens. Sesamoside was explored as the most characteristic marker to distinguish the two parts of L. rotata. To further estimate the distinction between the two parts, the content of total IGs and the antioxidant capacity were investigated in samples from different locations. The aerial parts showed a high content of total IGs and high antioxidant capacity, although not higher than those of the roots. The results also suggest the dosage should be increased when the aerial parts are used as crude medicinal materials instead of the underground parts.