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Pore structure characteristics and methane adsorption and desorption properties of marine shale in Sichuan Province, China

Changtao, Yue, Shuyuan, Li, Hailong, Wen, Fei, Yang, Xu xinyi,
RSC advances 2018 v.8 no.12 pp. 6436-6443
Silurian period, adsorption, carbon dioxide, desorption, gravimetry, heat, hysteresis, mercury, methane, micropores, mineral content, minerals, natural gas, nitrogen, porosity, reflectance, scanning electron microscopy, shale, shale gas, temperature, total organic carbon, China
Shale gas is one of the most promising resources for unconventional natural gas. Several shale samples were collected from the Silurian Longmaxi Formation in the Yibin region, Sichuan Province, China. The basic geological parameters of the shale samples including total organic carbon, clay mineral content, and vitrinite reflectance were detected. Pore structure characteristics were analyzed with scanning electron microscopy, high-pressure mercury injection, and low-temperature nitrogen and carbon dioxide adsorption methods. Isothermal adsorption and desorption experiments were carried out using gravimetric methods. The isosteric heat of the shale adsorption was calculated using the isothermal adsorption experimental results. According to the experimental results, the shale samples have high maturity, low porosity and penetration. The surface morphological structures include organic pores, clay mineral pores, intergranular pores of authigenic minerals, dissolution pores and micro-cracks. Micropores comprised the majority of the developed pores in the shale samples and play a major role in adsorption processes. The adsorption and desorption results show that the adsorption amount of gas mainly undergoes a rapid increase phase, a slowly rising transition phase and a gentle phase, and desorption hysteresis generally occurs during gas desorption. Adsorption thermodynamics results show that the volume of adsorbed gas decreases with the increase of adsorption temperature and the isosteric heat increases with the increase of the volume of the adsorbed gas.