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A preparation method for the highly permeable ceramic microfiltration membrane – precursor film firing method

Yin, Xiaoqin, Guan, Kang, Gao, Peng, Peng, Cheng, Wu, Jianqing
RSC advances 2018 v.8 no.6 pp. 2906-2914
aluminum oxide, ceramics, coatings, microfiltration, polyvinyl alcohol, porosity
A method called the precursor film firing method is proposed to improve the permeance of ceramic microfiltration membranes by avoiding intermediate layer and dip-coating process, and efficiently control the thickness of the separation layer. In this method a precursor film is prepared independently of the support by a film coating machine. This precursor film consists of two layers: Al₂O₃/PVA layer made of Al₂O₃ powder and polyvinyl alcohol (PVA), and polyvinyl butyral (PVB) layer. The precursor film is pasted on the support and fired to obtain membranes. Because the intermediate layer and dip-coating process are avoided in this method, the fabricated membranes show high permeance. For the fabricated membrane with average pore size = 0.18 μm and separation layer thickness = 10.7 μm, the permeance is 3890 L m⁻² h⁻¹ bar⁻¹. Also the separation layer thickness can be controlled efficiently. And the precursor film can be used on fabricate curved membranes such as cylindrical membranes.