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Preparation of high permeable alumina ceramic membrane with good separation performance via UV curing technique

Liu, Yang, Zhu, Weiya, Guan, Kang, Peng, Cheng, Wu, Jianqing
RSC advances 2018 v.8 no.24 pp. 13567-13577
aluminum oxide, ceramics, drying, free radicals, microparticles, photosensitivity, porosity, ultraviolet radiation
The traditional dip-coating method for preparation of ceramic membranes requires a long drying time and easily produces drying defects. In this work, an improved dip-coating process was proposed. The UV curing technique was utilized to avoid crack formation and agglomeration of ceramic particles, for drying to be completed in a few minutes. Photosensitive resin and a photoinitiator were added into the aqueous ceramic suspension. Under the action of free radicals excited by ultraviolet light, a giant network formed in the green membrane within a short time which limits the migration of membrane particles. Experiments were performed to explore the influence of UV curing process on membrane properties and the optimum preparation conditions were obtained. Following a rapid drying treatment and firing, crack-free membranes were prepared, which exhibited a narrow pore size distribution centered at approximately 65.2 nm and a water permeance of 887 ± 48 L m⁻² h⁻¹ bar⁻¹. The largest pore size of the membrane was 85.7 nm while it could filter out 98.2% of the 100 nm monosize PS microsphere and the 60.1% of 60 nm, indicating its potential application in both membrane production efficiency and separation accuracy improvements.