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An alginate film-based degradable triboelectric nanogenerator

Pang, Yaokun, Xi, Fengben, Luo, Jianjun, Liu, Guoxu, Guo, Tong, Zhang, Chi
RSC advances 2018 v.8 no.12 pp. 6719-6726
crosslinking, sodium alginate, water power, freeze drying, algae, electric generators, power generation, calcium alginate, biodegradability, toxicity, temperature, biocompatibility
Alginate, as a natural linear polysaccharide derived from brown sea algae, has the advantage of low toxicity, good biocompatibility, and biodegradability, which has aroused wide interests in recent years. In this study, a degradable triboelectric generator based on an alginate film is presented. The calcium alginate film, which is prepared by a simple freeze-drying method and a crosslinking reaction, has a form of porous structures that are beneficial for triboelectric power generation. The fabricated TENG has a stable output performance with a maximum voltage, current, and power of 33 V, 150 nA, and 9.5 μW, respectively. The performances of the TENG were investigated at different thicknesses of the calcium alginate film and various concentrations of the sodium alginate solution, as well as the degradability of the film with different thicknesses and temperatures. In addition, the TENG was designed for harvesting water wave energy in a low-frequency range from 1 to 4 Hz. This study is promising to provide new insights to develop degradable and eco-friendly TENG based on ocean plants and expand the application range in blue energy.