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Boron-doped graphene as a metal-free catalyst for gas-phase oxidation of benzyl alcohol to benzaldehyde
- Cheng, Wenjun, Liu, Xueting, Li, Na, Han, Jiatong, Li, Shuangming, Yu, Sansan
- RSC advances 2018 v.8 no.20 pp. 11222-11229
- X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, active sites, aerobic conditions, benzaldehyde, benzyl alcohol, boron, catalysts, catalytic activity, dehydrogenation, gases, graphene, moieties, oxidation
- Boron-doped graphene samples (BGs) with tunable boron content of 0–2.90 at% were synthesized and directly used in the gas-phase oxidation of benzyl alcohol to benzaldehyde, and showed excellent performance. XPS results indicated that the graphitic sp² B species (BC₃) is the mainly boron dopant species incorporated in the graphene lattice, which could significantly improve the content of ketone carbonyl groups (CO) on the graphene. For instance, the contents of CO jumped from 1.93 to 4.19 at% while BC₃ doped into the graphene lattice was only 0.35 at%. The CO is the active site of catalytic reaction, so BG has significantly improved catalytic activity. Compared to the un-doped graphene (G), the conversion of benzyl alcohol over BGs increased 2.35 times and the selectivity of benzaldehyde increased from 77.3% to 99.2%. Aerobic–anaerobic exchange experiments revealed that the superior catalytic performance of BG was achieved only under aerobic conditions. The study of the boron-doped carbocatalyst may also provide guidance for the design of surface modified carbon-based catalysts for the selective oxidation dehydrogenation of alcohols by regulating doping elements and their types.