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Protective effects of thornback ray muscle protein hydrolysate against dyslipidemia, oxidative stress and reduced fertility induced by high cholesterol diet in adult male rats

Lassoued, Imen, Mezghani, Mayassa, Jridi, Mourad, Rahmouni, Fatma, Jamoussi, Kamel, Rebai, Tarek, El Feki, Abdelfattah, Nasri, Moncef, Barkia, Ahmed
RSC advances 2018 v.8 no.40 pp. 22303-22312
Raja clavata, adults, alanine transaminase, antioxidant activity, antioxidants, aspartate transaminase, blood lipids, body weight, catalase, enzyme activity, epididymis, glutathione peroxidase, high fat diet, hydrolysates, hyperlipidemia, lipid composition, liver, males, malondialdehyde, muscle protein, muscles, oxidative stress, peptides, protective effect, protein hydrolysates, rats, spermatozoa, testes, viability
Enzymatic thornback ray (Raja clavata) muscle hydrolysates have been shown to have antioxidant and antihypertensive activities in vitro. The Neutrase hydrolysate exhibited the highest activities, so it was investigated along with the undigested muscle to test their hypolipidemic, antioxidative and fertility effects in rats fed with a high-cholesterol diet (HCD). Animals were allocated into four groups of 5 rats each: a normal diet group (control), a HCD group, and two groups of HCD with a daily dose of undigested muscle (Und) or the hydrolysate (MH) at 0.7 g kg⁻¹ of body weight. All animals received their respective treatments daily for 1 month. After the treatment period, serum lipid profiles, the activities of alanine aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase, the level of malonaldehyde, the activities of antioxidant enzymes (catalase and glutathione peroxidase) in the liver and sperm fertility parameters (in the epididymis and testis) were determined. Compared with those fed a standard diet, HCD induced dyslipidemia and oxidative stress, and decreased numerous reproductive parameters (mobility, count and viability). Interestingly, supplementing the HCD with thornback ray proteins attenuated all these anomalies, especially in the case where they were hydrolysed. These observations suggested that these proteins might contain bioactive peptides that possess hypocholesterolemic and antioxidant activities that ameliorate sperm damage.