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Preparation and characterization of Ag–Pd bimetallic nano-catalysts in thermosensitive microgel nano-reactor
- Zhang, Tao, Li, Li, Ye, Zhishuang, Yang, Qingsong, Tian, Yuchuan, Guo, Xuhong
- RSC advances 2018 v.8 no.33 pp. 18252-18259
- borohydrides, catalytic activity, crosslinking, microgels, models, nanoparticles, p-nitrophenol, palladium, polystyrenes, silver, small-angle X-ray scattering, temperature, thermosensitivity
- Thermosensitive microgels consisting of a solid core of polystyrene and a shell of cross-linked poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPA) were synthesized as nano-reactors, in which Ag–Pd bimetallic nanoparticles were prepared through simultaneous in situ reduction reaction. The spatial distribution of metallic nanoparticles in the microgels was analyzed by small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) and the results indicated that metal nanoparticles were mainly located in the inner layer of microgels. The catalytic activity of Ag–Pd bimetallic nanoparticles was investigated using the reduction of p-nitrophenol to p-aminophenol by NaBH₄ as model reaction. The data demonstrated that Ag–Pd bimetallic nanoparticles showed enhanced catalytic activity compared to each monometallic nanoparticle alone and their catalytic activity was controllable by temperature due to the volume transition of PNIPA microgels.