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Antioxidative, anti-inflammatory and hepatoprotective effects of resveratrol on oxidative stress-induced liver damage in tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus)

Jia, Rui, Li, Yao, Cao, Liping, Du, Jinliang, Zheng, Tao, Qian, Hao, Gu, Zhengyan, Jeney, Galina, Xu, Pao, Yin, Guojun
Comparative biochemistry and physiology 2019 v.215 pp. 56-66
NAD(P)H dehydrogenase (quinone), Oreochromis niloticus, antioxidant activity, blood serum, complement, diet, fish, gene expression, gene expression regulation, glutathione transferase, heme oxygenase (biliverdin-producing), hepatoprotective effect, hepcidin, hydrogen peroxide, immunotoxicity, inflammation, interleukin-10, interleukin-1beta, interleukin-8, intraperitoneal injection, lipid peroxidation, liver, lysozyme, messenger RNA, oxidative stress, polyphenols, resveratrol, signal transduction, tumor necrosis factor-alpha
Resveratrol, a dietary polyphenol, has been shown to exert antioxidation, hepatoprotection, anti-inflammation and immunostimulation. However, the effects and underlying mechanism of resveratrol on liver injury in fish are still unclear. In the present study, we investigated the potential protective effects and mechanism of resveratrol on oxidative stress-induced liver damage in tilapia. Fish were fed diet containing four doses of resveratrol (0, 0.1, 0.3, and 0.6 g/kg diet) for 60 days, and then given an intraperitoneal injection of H2O2 or saline. The results showed that administration of resveratrol significantly ameliorated H2O2-induced liver injury. In serum and liver, resveratrol treatment suppressed the oxidative stress, as evidenced by the decline of lipid peroxidation level and increase of antioxidant activity. Resveratrol also activated erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) signaling pathway and enhanced the heme oxygenase 1 (HO-1), NAD(P) H:quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO-1), glutathione S-transferase (GST) mRNA levels. Meanwhile, resveratrol treatment repressed TLR2-Myd88-NF-κB signaling pathway to decrease the inflammatory response in H2O2-induced liver injury as evidenced by the lower interleukin-1β (IL-1β), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and IL-8 mRNA levels and higher IL-10 mRNA level. Moreover, resveratrol treatment attenuated immunotoxicity in liver of H2O2-treated fish, accompanied by upregulation of hepcidin (HEP), complement 3 (C3) and lysozyme (LZM) mRNA levels. Overall results suggested that the protection of resveratrol on H2O2-induced liver injury, inflammation and immunotoxicity was due to its antioxidant property and its ability to modulate the Nrf2 and TLR2-Myd88-NF-κB signaling pathways.