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Hepatoprotective effects of selenium-biofortified soybean peptides on liver fibrosis induced by tetrachloromethane
- Liu, Weiwei, Hou, Tao, Shi, Wen, Guo, Danjun, He, Hui
- Journal of functional foods 2018 v.50 pp. 183-191
- actin, alanine transaminase, aspartate transaminase, blood serum, carbon tetrachloride, fibrosis, gelatinase B, gene expression, glutathione, glutathione peroxidase, hepatoprotective effect, histology, liver, liver cirrhosis, messenger RNA, muscles, rats, soybeans
- The aim of this study was to investigate the hepatoprotective effects of selenium-biofortified soybean peptides (SSPs) in liver fibrosis induced by tetrachloromethane (CCl4) in rats. SSPs was found to remarkably attenuate the liver fibrosis by inhibiting α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) synthesis in the liver, and increasing the mRNA expression of matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP9). Additionally, aspartate transaminase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) activities in serum decreased, while the glutathione (GSH) content and the glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) activity increased significantly (p < 0.05) after the treatment with SSPs. Histology results showed that both inflammatory cell infiltration and fibrosis area were decreased by SSPs treatment. SeCys, which was the active center of GSH-Px, was identified in some Se-peptides from SSPs. Thus, SSPs can attenuate the liver fibrosis induced by CCl4 by improving the GSH-Px synthesis and increasing the MMP9 mRNA expression level.